Oswald Wirth

(1860, Brienz  – 1943, Canton of Bern)

   Swiss artist and author on subjects of occultism. Under guidance of a member of the Rosicrucian Order, a French poet Stanislas de Guaita he created in 1889 a Tarot deck with only 22 cards of the Major Arcana. Stanislas de Guaita proposed that the Major Arcana is initiatory sequence used by initiates to tag their path of spiritual ascension and evolution. In some aspects this deck is very similar to the Tarot de Marseille but enriched with some additional symbolism. Today this deck is usually called the Wirth/de Guaita deck although in the beginning it was refered to as "Arcanes du Tarot kabbalistique".